Differential effects of the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor inhibitor PTK787/ZK222584 on tumor angiogenesis and tumor lymphangiogenesis

Schomber, T. and Zumsteg, A. and Strittmatter, K. and Crnic, I. and Antoniadis, H. and Littlewood-Evans, A. and Wood, J. and Christofori, G.. (2009) Differential effects of the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor inhibitor PTK787/ZK222584 on tumor angiogenesis and tumor lymphangiogenesis. Molecular cancer therapeutics, Vol. 8. pp. 55-63.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6006079

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Halting tumor growth by interfering with tumor-induced angiogenesis is an attractive therapeutic approach. Such treatments include humanized antibodies blocking the activity of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A (bevacizumab), soluble VEGF receptor (VEGFR) constructs (VEGF-Trap), or small-molecule inhibitors of VEGFR signaling, including PTK787/ZK222584 (PTK/ZK), sorafenib, and sunitinib. PTK/ZK has been shown previously to specifically block VEGF-induced phosphorylation of VEGFR-1, -2 and -3 and thereby to inhibit endothelial cell proliferation, differentiation, and tumor angiogenesis. We have investigated the effect of PTK/ZK on tumor angiogenesis and tumor lymphangiogenesis using the Rip1Tag2 transgenic mouse model of pancreatic beta cell carcinogenesis. In Rip1Tag2 mice, tumor angiogenesis is predominantly mediated by VEGF-A, and as expected, PTK/ZK efficiently impaired tumor blood vessel angiogenesis and tumor growth. Double-transgenic Rip1Tag2;Rip1VEGF-C and Rip1Tag2;Rip1VEGF-D mice not only exhibit VEGF-A-dependent blood vessel angiogenesis but also tumor lymphangiogenesis induced by the transgenic expression of VEGF-C or -D. In these mouse models, PTK/ZK also repressed tumor blood vessel angiogenesis and tumor growth yet failed to affect tumor lymphangiogenesis and lymphogenic metastasis. Adenoviral delivery of soluble VEGFR-3 also did not prevent tumor lymphangiogenesis in these mice. In contrast, spontaneous tumor lymphangiogenesis, as observed by the stochastic expression of VEGF-C and -D in tumors of neural cell adhesion molecule-deficient Rip1Tag2 mice, was repressed by PTK/ZK and soluble VEGFR-3. The results indicate that the time of onset and the levels of VEGF-C/D expression may be critical variables in efficiently repressing tumor lymphangiogenesis and that pathways other than VEGFR signaling may be involved in tumor lymphangiogenesis. [Mol Cancer Ther 2009;8(1):55-63].
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Former Units at DBM > Tumor Biology (Christofori)
UniBasel Contributors:Christofori, Gerhard M.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Association for Cancer Research
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:01 Feb 2013 08:46
Deposited On:01 Feb 2013 08:41

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