edoc

International portability of health-cost coverage: concepts and experience : paper prepared for the World Bank’s Marseille Center for Mediterranean Integration

Werding, M. and McLennan, S.. (2011) International portability of health-cost coverage: concepts and experience : paper prepared for the World Bank’s Marseille Center for Mediterranean Integration. [S.l.].

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6001823

Downloads: Statistics Overview

Abstract

Social insurance and other arrangements for funding health-care benefits often establish long-term relationships, effectively providing insurance against lasting changes in an individual’s health status, engaging in burden-smoothing over the life cycle, and entailing additional elements of redistribution. International portability regarding this type of cover is, therefore, difficult to establish, but at the same time rather important both for the individuals affected and for the health funds involved in any instance of an international change in work place or residence. In this paper, full portability of health-cost cover is taken to mean that mobile individuals can, at a minimum, find comparable continuation of coverage under a different system and that this does not impose external costs or benefits on other members of the systems in the source and destination countries. Both of these aspects needs to be addressed in a meaningful portability framework for health systems, as lacking or incomplete portability may not only lead to significant losses in coverage for an individual who considers becoming mobile – which may impede mobility that is otherwise likely to be beneficial. It may also lead to financial losses, or windfall gains, for sources of healthcost funding which can ultimately lead to a detrimental process of risk segmentation across national health systems. Against this background, even the most advanced sets of existing portability rules, such as those agreed upon multilaterally at the EU-level or laid down in bilateral agreements on social protection, appear to be untargeted, inconsistent and therefore potentially harmful, either for migrants or for health funds operated at both ends of the migration process, and hence for other individuals who are covered there. Here, we develop a conceptual framework which can be used to clarify the implications of mobility for various types of systems covering health costs and the requirements which have to be met to ensure full portability. We conclude that, when individuals move from one source of healthcost funding to another, compensating payments between health funds may be needed that are based on changes in expected net costs – i.e., expected health costs minus expected contributions, adjusted for health-cost inflation, wage growth, long-term (non-) sustainability and properly discounted over time – in both of the systems involved. Through illustrative simulations, we show that there may indeed be sufficient leeway for this approach to be operative under real-world conditions.
Faculties and Departments:08 Cross-disciplinary Subjects > Ethik > Institut für Bio- und Medizinethik
UniBasel Contributors:Mc Lennan, Stuart Roger
Item Type:Working Paper
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:The World Bank
Note:Series: SP discussion paper ; No. 1115 -- Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Discussion paper / Internet publication
Related URLs:
Last Modified:04 Jan 2013 08:38
Deposited On:04 Jan 2013 08:36

Repository Staff Only: item control page