edoc

Localization of O-glycan initiation, sphingomyelin synthesis, and glucosylceramide synthesis in Vero cells with respect to the endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment

Schweizer, A. and Clausen, H. and van Meer, G. and Hauri, H. P.. (1994) Localization of O-glycan initiation, sphingomyelin synthesis, and glucosylceramide synthesis in Vero cells with respect to the endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment. Journal of biological chemistry, Vol. 269 , no. 6. pp. 4035-4041.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5257792

Downloads: Statistics Overview

Abstract

The identification of an endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment (ERGIC), defined by the 53-kDa transmembrane marker protein ERGIC-53, has added to the complexity of the exocytic pathway of higher eukaryotic cells. Recently, a subcellular fractionation procedure was established for the isolation of the ERGIC from Vero cells (Schweizer, A., Matter, K., Ketcham, C. M., and Hauri, H.-P. (1991) J. Cell Biol. 113, 45-54) which provides a means to study more precisely the compartmentalization of the various enzymic functions along the early secretory pathway. Here, we have investigated if O-glycan initiation and sphingomyelin synthesis are associated with the ERGIC by analyzing both the responsible enzyme activities and their corresponding products. Moreover, the synthesis of glucosylceramide, the precursor of most glycosphingolipids, was also analyzed. In the purified ERGIC fraction UDP-GalNAc:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (GalNAc transferase) was only minimally enriched, sphingomyelin synthase was not enriched, and UDP-glucose:ceramide-glucosyl transferase specific activity was lower than in the homogenate. On Percoll gradients all three enzymes cofractionated with Golgi markers rather than ERGIC-53. Accordingly, sphingomyelin concentrations were extremely low in the ERGIC fraction. Double immunofluorescence localization of core N-acetylgalactosamine, the product of GalNAc transferase, by monoclonal antibodies against GalNAc-Ser/Thr (Tn antigen) revealed only little apparent overlap with ERGIC-53. This was particularly evident in brefeldin A-treated cells which showed entirely different patterns of Tn antigens and ERGIC-53. The results suggest that in the secretory pathway of Vero cells O-glycan initiation and sphingomyelin as well as glucosylceramide synthesis mainly occur beyond the ERGIC in the Golgi apparatus.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Pharmacology/Neurobiology (Hauri)
UniBasel Contributors:Hauri, Hans-Peter
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Society of Biological Chemists
ISSN:0021-9258
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:20
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:18

Repository Staff Only: item control page