A novel endocytosis signal related to the KKXX ER-retrieval signal

Itin, C. and Kappeler, F. and Linstedt, A. D. and Hauri, H. P.. (1995) A novel endocytosis signal related to the KKXX ER-retrieval signal. The EMBO journal, Vol. 14, H. 10. pp. 2250-2256.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5257784

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Membrane proteins often contain a sorting signal in their cytoplasmic tail that promotes their clustering into coated vesicles at a specific cellular site. ERGIC-53 contains a cytoplasmic ER-retrieval signal, KKFF. However, overexpressed ERGIC-53 is transported to the cell surface and rapidly endocytosed. Here we report that ERGIC-53 carries a previously undescribed endocytosis signal. Surprisingly, the signal was KKFF and like the ER-retrieval signal required a C-terminal position. In fact, the minimal consensus sequence determined by substitutional mutagenesis (K-K/R-F/Y-F/Y) was related to the ER-retrieval consensus (K-K-X-X). Furthermore, we provide evidence that internalization of VIP36, a protein that cycles between plasma membrane and Golgi, is mediated by a signal at its C-terminus that matches the internalization consensus sequence. The relatedness of the two signals suggests that coatomer-mediated retrieval of proteins may be mechanistically more related to clathrin-dependent sorting than previously anticipated.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Pharmacology/Neurobiology (Hauri)
UniBasel Contributors:Hauri, Hans-Peter
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:20
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:18

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