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Failure properties of intraluminal thrombus in abdominal aortic aneurysm under static and pulsating mechanical loads

Gasser, T. C. and Görgülü, G. and Folkesson, M. and Swedenborg, J.. (2008) Failure properties of intraluminal thrombus in abdominal aortic aneurysm under static and pulsating mechanical loads. Journal of vascular surgery, Vol. 48, H. 1. pp. 179-188.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6005530

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: It has been suggested that mechanical failure of intraluminal thrombus (ILT) could play a key role in the rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs), and in the present study, this hypothesis has been investigated. An in vitro experimental approach has been proposed, which provides layer-specific failure data of ILT tissue under static and pulsatile mechanical loads. METHODS: In total, 112 bone-shaped test specimens are prepared from luminal, medial, and abluminal layers of eight ILTs harvested during open elective AAA repair. Three different types of mechanical experiments, denoted as control test, ultimate strength test, and fatigue test were performed in Dulbecco's modified eagle's medium (DMEM) supplemented with fetal calf serum, L-ascorbic acid, and antibiotics at 37 degrees C and pH 7.0. In detail, fatigue tests, which are experiments, where the ILT tissue is loaded in pulsatile manner, were carried out at three different load levels with a natural frequency of 1.0 Hz. RESULTS: ILT's ultimate strength (156.5 kPa, 92.0 kPa, and 47.7 kPa for luminal, medial, and abluminal layers, respectively) and referential stiffness (62.88 kPa, 47.52 kPa, and 41.52 kPa, for luminal, medial, and abluminal layers, respectively) continuously decrease from the inside to the outside. ILT tissue failed within less than 1 hour under pulsatile loading at a load level of 60% ultimate strength, while a load level of about 40% ultimate strength did not cause failure within 13.9 hours. CONCLUSIONS: ILT tissue is vulnerable against fatigue failure and shows significant decreasing strength with respect to the number of load cycles. Hence, after a reasonable time of pulsating loading ILT's strength is far below its ultimate strength, and when compared with stress predictions from finite element (FE) studies, this indicates the likelihood of fatigue failure in vivo. Failure within the ILT could propagate towards the weakened vessel wall behind it and could initialize AAA failure thereafter.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Operative Fächer (Klinik) > Innere Organe > Urologie Kliniken BL (Gasser)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Operative Fächer (Klinik) > Innere Organe > Urologie Kliniken BL (Gasser)
UniBasel Contributors:Gasser, Thomas C.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Mosby
ISSN:0741-5214
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:07 Dec 2012 13:04
Deposited On:07 Dec 2012 13:03

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