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Selectin antagonists : synthesis and conformational comparison of C- and O-glycosidic tetrasaccharide mimetics related to sialyl Lewis*

Müller, Christian. Selectin antagonists : synthesis and conformational comparison of C- and O-glycosidic tetrasaccharide mimetics related to sialyl Lewis*. 2005, Doctoral Thesis, University of Basel, Faculty of Science.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/diss/DissB_7152

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Abstract

Numerous disease states can be traced back to an excessive or uncontrolled leukocyte
accumulation to sites of inflammation or tissue injury. This recruitment of leukocytes, under
normal conditions a vital defense mechanism against invading pathogens, is mediated by the
interaction of the selectins with their physiological carbohydrate determinant sLex (3) as
binding epitope of the natural selectin ligands. SLex (3) served as lead structure in the
development of selectin antagonists, which have been considered as a promising therapeutic
approach against these diseases. C-glycosidic structures play a prominent role in developing
hydrolytically stable mimetics as well as in understanding conformational issues relevant for
the binding process.
C-glycosidic sLex mimetics 81a and 82 were designed to investigate the influence of the exoanomeric
effect on the conformational stability and the biological activity of these
tetrasaccharide mimetics. Flexibility of target compound 81a should be enhanced due to the
lacking exo-anomeric effect around the C-glycosidic linkage. Implementation of steric
constraints as the methyl group in compound 82 should proof the hypothesis, that the
missing exo-anomeric effect can be compensated by steric factors. Furthermore, comparison
of binding affinity should allow a quantification of the entropy contribution to the inhibitory
potential caused by the exo-anomeric effect.
We successfully developed a synthesis for the target tetrasaccharide mimetics 81a and 82
based on the Giese radical addition of an anomeric fucosyl radical to the electron deficient
double bond of an enone system. Conformational investigation of the target molecules
revealed the possibility to compensate for the loss of the exo-anomeric effect by the
introduction of sterically demanding substituents next to the C-glycosidic linkage. The
influence of the 20-30% larger distance of H-5Fuc and H-2Gal in compound 82 compared to Oglycosidic
mimic 33 on biological activity has to be proven by current investigation.
Advisors:Ernst, Beat
Committee Members:Giese, Bernd and Hamburger, Matthias Otto
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Pharmazie > Molekulare Pharmazie (Ernst)
UniBasel Contributors:Müller, Christian and Ernst, Beat and Giese, Bernd
Item Type:Thesis
Thesis Subtype:Doctoral Thesis
Thesis no:7152
Thesis status:Complete
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Number of Pages:200
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:22 Apr 2018 04:30
Deposited On:13 Feb 2009 15:08

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