RHAMM, p21 combined phenotype identifies microsatellite instability-high colorectal cancers with a highly adverse prognosis

Zlobec, I. and Baker, K. and Terracciano, L. M. and Lugli, A.. (2008) RHAMM, p21 combined phenotype identifies microsatellite instability-high colorectal cancers with a highly adverse prognosis. Clinical cancer research, Vol. 14. pp. 3798-3806.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6002810

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PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify prognostic subgroups of microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) colorectal cancers by combined analysis of 10 well-established immunohistochemical tumor markers and 7 clinicopathologic features. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Using a tissue microarray, immunohistochemistry was done on 223 cases of MSI-H cancers for the following protein markers: raf-1 kinase inhibitor protein, receptor for hyaluronic acid-mediated motility, apoptosis protease activating factor-1, mammalian sterile20-like kinase 1, p21, p27, p53, ephrin B2 receptor, Ki-67, and epidermal growth factor receptor. Seven clinicopathologic features and all tumor markers were evaluated in univariate and multivariable analyses. RESULTS: RHAMM overexpression [P > 0.001; hazard ratio [HR; 95% confidence interval (95% CI)], 3.86 (2.19-6.81)], loss of p21 [P = 0.002; 0.33 (0.16-0.67)], and higher N stage [P > 0.001; 3.31 (1.9-5.8)] were independent adverse prognostic factors. RHAMM/p21 combinations were evaluated by N stage. Significant differences in survival were observed with various RHAMM/p21 combinations (P > 0.001). Both node-negative and node-positive patients with RHAMM- tumors survived more than 120 months. Node-positive RHAMM+ patients had a strikingly worse prognosis [16.0 (10.0-63.0) months] and could further be divided into p21- patients [14.0 (9.0-27.0) months] and p21+ patients surviving 47.0 months. RHAMM+/p21- node-negative patients had a significantly shorter survival time than RHAMM+/p21+ tumors (P = 0.021). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the combined phenotype of RHAMM and p21 expression is an invaluable independent prognostic immunohistochemical profile in MSI-H colorectal cancer. Based on the prognostic subgroups identified in our cohort, node-negative patients overexpressing RHAMM but with loss of p21 may derive a potential benefit from postoperative treatment, whereas adjuvant chemotherapy should be reconsidered for MSI-H node-positive RHAMM- tumors.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Pathologie USB
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Pathologie USB
UniBasel Contributors:Terracciano, Luigi M. and Lugli, Alessandro
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Association for Cancer Research
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:08 Nov 2012 16:22
Deposited On:08 Nov 2012 16:15

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