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A seven-marker signature and clinical outcome in malignant melanoma : a large-scale tissue-microarray study with two independent patient cohorts

Meyer, Stefanie and Fuchs, Thomas J. and Bosserhoff, Anja K. and Hofstädter, Ferdinand and Pauer, Armin and Roth, Volker and Buhmann, Joachim M. and Moll, Ingrid and Anagnostou, Nikos and Brandner, Johanna M. and Ikenberg, Kristian and Moch, Holger and Landthaler, Michael and Vogt, Thomas and Wild, Peter J.. (2012) A seven-marker signature and clinical outcome in malignant melanoma : a large-scale tissue-microarray study with two independent patient cohorts. PLoS ONE, Vol. 7, H. 6 , e38222.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6008391

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Abstract

Current staging methods such as tumor thickness, ulceration and invasion of the sentinel node are known to be prognostic parameters in patients with malignant melanoma (MM). However, predictive molecular marker profiles for risk stratification and therapy optimization are not yet available for routine clinical assessment.; Using tissue microarrays, we retrospectively analyzed samples from 364 patients with primary MM. We investigated a panel of 70 immunohistochemical (IHC) antibodies for cell cycle, apoptosis, DNA mismatch repair, differentiation, proliferation, cell adhesion, signaling and metabolism. A marker selection procedure based on univariate Cox regression and multiple testing correction was employed to correlate the IHC expression data with the clinical follow-up (overall and recurrence-free survival). The model was thoroughly evaluated with two different cross validation experiments, a permutation test and a multivariate Cox regression analysis. In addition, the predictive power of the identified marker signature was validated on a second independent external test cohort (n?=?225). A signature of seven biomarkers (Bax, Bcl-X, PTEN, COX-2, loss of ?-Catenin, loss of MTAP, and presence of CD20 positive B-lymphocytes) was found to be an independent negative predictor for overall and recurrence-free survival in patients with MM. The seven-marker signature could also predict a high risk of disease recurrence in patients with localized primary MM stage pT1-2 (tumor thickness ?2.00 mm). In particular, three of these markers (MTAP, COX-2, Bcl-X) were shown to offer direct therapeutic implications.; The seven-marker signature might serve as a prognostic tool enabling physicians to selectively triage, at the time of diagnosis, the subset of high recurrence risk stage I-II patients for adjuvant therapy. Selective treatment of those patients that are more likely to develop distant metastatic disease could potentially lower the burden of untreatable metastatic melanoma and revolutionize the therapeutic management of MM.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Mathematik und Informatik > Informatik > Datenanalyse (Roth)
UniBasel Contributors:Roth, Volker
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Public Library of Science
e-ISSN:1932-6203
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:31 Aug 2018 06:39
Deposited On:08 Nov 2012 16:15

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