A Ras-like GTPase is involved in hyphal growth guidance in the filamentous fungus Ashbya gossypii

Bauer, Y. and Knechtle, P. and Wendland, J. and Helfer, H. and Philippsen, P.. (2004) A Ras-like GTPase is involved in hyphal growth guidance in the filamentous fungus Ashbya gossypii. Molecular Biology of the Cell, 15 (10). pp. 4622-4632.

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Characteristic features of morphogenesis in filamentous fungi are sustained polar growth at tips of hyphae and frequent initiation of novel growth sites (branches) along the extending hyphae. We have begun to study regulation of this process on the molecular level by using the model fungus Ashbya gossypii. We found that the A. gossypii Ras-like GTPase Rsr1p/Bud1p localizes to the tip region and that it is involved in apical polarization of the actin cytoskeleton, a determinant of growth direction. In the absence of RSR1/BUD1, hyphal growth was severely slowed down due to frequent phases of pausing of growth at the hyphal tip. During pausing events a hyphal tip marker, encoded by the polarisome component AgSPA2, disappeared from the tip as was shown by in vivo time-lapse fluorescence microscopy of green fluorescent protein-labeled AgSpa2p. Reoccurrence of AgSpa2p was required for the resumption of hyphal growth. In the Agrsr1/bud1Delta deletion mutant, resumption of growth occurred at the hyphal tip in a frequently uncoordinated manner to the previous axis of polarity. Additionally, hyphal filaments in the mutant developed aberrant branching sites by mislocalizing AgSpa2p thus distorting hyphal morphology. These results define AgRsr1p/Bud1p as a key regulator of hyphal growth guidance.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Applied Microbiology (Philippsen)
UniBasel Contributors:Philippsen, Peter
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Society for Cell Biology
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:07 Nov 2017 07:44
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:18

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