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Joint stiffness and gait pattern evaluation in children with Down syndrome

Galli, M. and Rigoldi, C. and Brunner, R. and Virji-Babul, N. and Giorgio, A.. (2008) Joint stiffness and gait pattern evaluation in children with Down syndrome. Gait Posture, Vol. 28. pp. 502-506.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6004932

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Abstract

Hypotonia, ligament laxity and motor alterations are characteristic for patients with Down syndrome (DS). The purpose of this study was the evaluation of typical gait pattern of subjects with Down syndrome and the quantification of their joint stiffness, connected with ligament laxity and hypotonia, as a possible compensation. 98 children with DS (mean age: 11.7 years; range: 6-15 years) and 30 healthy children (control group (CG); mean age: 11 years; range: 5-13 years) underwent full 3D gait analysis at self-selected speed. Subjects with DS walked with more hip flexion during the whole gait cycle, knee flexion in stance phase, a limitation of the knee range of motion, and plantarflexion of the ankle at initial contact. Ankle power was limited as evident in terminal stance and pre-swing, represented by a low propulsive capacity at push-off, too. Hip joint stiffness was increased in general in patients with DS versus normal subjects while ankle joint stiffness revealed a lower value instead.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde (Klinik) > Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde (UKBB) > Kinderorthopädie (Hasler)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde (Klinik) > Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde (UKBB) > Kinderorthopädie (Hasler)
UniBasel Contributors:Brunner, Reinald G.H.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0966-6362
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:08 Nov 2012 16:22
Deposited On:08 Nov 2012 16:09

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