Conformation and motion of the choline head group in bilayers of dipalmitoyl-3-sn-phosphatidylcholine

Gally, H. U. and Niederberger, W. and Seelig, J.. (1975) Conformation and motion of the choline head group in bilayers of dipalmitoyl-3-sn-phosphatidylcholine. Biochemistry, Vol. 14, H. 16. pp. 3647-3652.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5257554

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The conformation and motion of the choline head group in lipid bilayers above and below the gel-to-liquid crystal transition point are studied by means of deuterium and phosphorus magnetic resonance. For this purpose dipalmitoyl-3-sn-phosphatidylcholine is selectively deuterated at various positions on the choline and glycerol constituents. The residual deuteron quadrupole couplings and the phosphorus chemical-shift anisotropy of the corresponding lipid-water mixtures yield quantitative information on the segmental motions. The choline methyl group is only slightly hindered in its movement, but the motional freedom becomes increasingly restricted the closer the segment is located to the glycerol backbone. The average value of the OC-CN bond rotation angle changes with temperature. Increasing the temperature rotates the choline methyl group into the vicinity of the phosphorus atom. The choline group as a whole is thus characterized by a flexible, temperature-dependent structure. Its orientation in space is not fixed, either parallel or perpendicular to the bilayer surface. Instead all segments execute angular oscillations with varying degrees of restriction around the normal on the bilayer surface. The gel-to-liquid crystal phase transition at 41 degrees is clearly reflected in the deuterium and phosphorus resonance spectra of the choline moiety, while no change is observed at 34 degrees. The calorimetric pretransition at 34 degrees seems not to be associated with a conformational change in the choline group.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Biophysical Chemistry (Seelig J)
UniBasel Contributors:Seelig, Joachim
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Chemical Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:20
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:18

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