Electric charge effects on phospholipid headgroups : Phosphatidylcholine in mixtures with cationic and anionic amphiphiles

Scherer, P. G. and Seelig, J.. (1989) Electric charge effects on phospholipid headgroups : Phosphatidylcholine in mixtures with cationic and anionic amphiphiles. Biochemistry, Vol. 28, H. 19. pp. 7720-7728.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5257481

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The influence of electric surface charges on the polar headgroups and the hydrocarbon region of phospholipid membranes was studied by mixing 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC) with charged amphiphiles. A positive surface charge was generated with dialkyldimethylammonium salts and a negative surface charge with dialkyl phosphates. The POPC:amphiphile ratio and hence the surface charge density could be varied over a large range since stable liquid-crystalline bilayers were obtained even for the pure amphiphiles in water. POPC was selectively deuterated at both methylene segments of the choline moiety and at the cis double bond of the oleic acyl chain. Additional experiments were carried out with 1,2-dipalmitoyl-rac-glycero-3-phosphocholine labeled at the C-2 position of the glycerol backbone. Deuterium, phosphorus, and nitrogen-14 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra were recorded for liquid-crystalline bilayers with varying concentrations of amphiphiles. Although the hydrocarbon region and the glycerol backbone were not significantly influenced by the addition of amphiphiles, very large perturbations of the phosphocholine headgroup were observed. Qualitatively, these results were similar to those observed previously with other cationic and anionic molecules and suggest that the electric surface charge is the essential driving force in changing the phospholipid headgroup orientation and conformation. While the P-N dipole is approximately parallel to the membrane surface in the pure phospholipid membrane, the addition of a positively charged amphiphile or the binding of cationic molecules moves the N+ end of the dipole toward the water phase, changing the orientation of the phosphate segment by more than 30 degrees at the highest amphiphile concentration.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Biophysical Chemistry (Seelig J)
UniBasel Contributors:Seelig, Joachim
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Chemical Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:19
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:18

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