Nonclassical hydrophobic effect in membrane binding equilibria

Seelig, J. and Ganz, P.. (1991) Nonclassical hydrophobic effect in membrane binding equilibria. Biochemistry, Vol. 30, H. 38. pp. 9354-9359.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5257467

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The enthalpy of transfer of four different amphiphilic molecules from the aqueous phase to the lipid membrane was determined by titration calorimetry. The four molecules investigated were the potential-sensitive dye 2-(p-toluidinyl)naphthalene-6-sulfonate (TNS), the membrane conductivity inducing anion tetraphenylborate (TPB), the Ca2+ channel blocker amlodipine [Bauerle, H. D., & Seelig, J. (1991) Biochemistry 30, 7203-7211], and the positively charged local anesthetic dibucaine. All four amphiphiles penetrate into the hydrophobic part of the membrane, and their binding constants, after correcting for electrostatic effects, range between 600 M-1 for dibucaine and 60,000 M-1 for tetraphenylborate. The corresponding changes in free energy were about -6 to -9 kcal/mol. Binding of the amphiphiles to membrane vesicles composed of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine was accompanied by exothermic heats of reaction for all four molecules. For TNS, TPB, and amlodipine, the enthalpies of transfer were almost identical and corresponded to delta H approximately -9 kcal/mol, essentially accounting for the total free energy change. Thus, the binding of these charged amphiphiles to the hydrophobic membrane was driven by enthalpy. This is in contrast to the classical hydrophobic effect, where the transfer is considered to be entropy driven. For dibucaine, the enthalpy of transfer was smaller with delta H approximately -2 kcal/mol but was still about one-third of the total free energy change. All enthalpies of transfer exhibited a distinct temperature dependence with molar heat capacities delta Cp of -30 to -100 cal mol-1K-1 for the transfer from water to the membrane.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Biophysical Chemistry (Seelig J)
UniBasel Contributors:Seelig, Joachim
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Chemical Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:19
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:18

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