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CFD modelling and validation of measured wind field data in a portable wind tunnel

Gartmann, Andres and Fister, Wolfgang and Schwanghart, Wolfgang and Müller, Mathias D.. (2011) CFD modelling and validation of measured wind field data in a portable wind tunnel. Aeolian research, 3. pp. 315-325.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5848249

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Abstract

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methods enable the detailed study and analysis of three dimensionalflow patterns. This article provides a basic introduction to the fundamentals of CFD and its application asan assessment tool for near-wall boundary layers in internal flows. The Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes(RANS) approach with the k– turbulence model was used to model the characteristic channel flow propertiesobserved in a portable wind tunnel with a coupled rainfall simulator. Wind velocity fields weremeasured at four cross-sections and compared to simulated data sets.A good correspondence between simulated and measured velocity profiles was obtained (RMSE0.5 ms1). In addition, we simulated the complex flow patterns caused by the specific construction ofthe wind tunnel and calculated the spatial distribution of derived measures such as wall shear stressand turbulence characteristics. It is shown that these measurements deviated significantly from their theoreticaldistributions, and an explanatory model for an observed bias in wind erosion and transport ratesexperimentally derived in the tunnel could be developed.We conclude that CFD is a valuable tool for modelling measured flow fields and to assess the spatialvariation of variables that often cannot be sufficiently covered by measurements. Nevertheless, accuratemeasurements of the wind field are necessary to calibrate and validate such simulations and to providereliable boundary conditions. CFD is thus a promising tool for aeolian research being complementary, tobut never separated from, a measurement setup.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Geographie > Physiogeographie und Umweltwandel (Kuhn)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Meteorologie, Klimatologie und Fernerkundung > Meteorologie (Parlow)
UniBasel Contributors:Schwanghart, Wolfgang and Gartmann, Andres and Müller, Mathias D. and Fister, Wolfgang
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1875-9637
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:30 Nov 2017 15:10
Deposited On:14 Sep 2012 07:10

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