Specific binding of Ro 09-0198 (cinnamycin) to phosphatidylethanolamine : a thermodynamic analysis

Machaidze, G. and Ziegler, A. and Seelig, J.. (2002) Specific binding of Ro 09-0198 (cinnamycin) to phosphatidylethanolamine : a thermodynamic analysis. Biochemistry, Vol. 41, H. 6. pp. 1965-1971.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5257403

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Ro 09-0198 (cinnamycin) is a tetracyclic peptide antibiotic that is used to monitor the transbilayer movement of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) in biological membranes during cell division and apoptosis. The molecule is one of the very rare examples where a small peptide binds specifically to a particular lipid. In model membranes and biological membranes containing phosphatidylethanolamine, Ro 09-0198 forms a 1:1 complex with this lipid. We have measured the thermodynamic parameters of complex formation with high sensitivity isothermal titration calorimetry and have investigated the structural consequences with deuterium and phosphorus solid-state NMR. Complex formation is characterized by a large binding constant, K0, of 10(7) to 10(8) M(-1), depending on the experimental conditions. The reaction enthalpy, DeltaHdegrees, varies between zero at 10 degrees C to strongly exothermic -10 kcal/mol at 50 degrees C. For large vesicles with a diameter of approximately 100 nm, DeltaHdegrees decreases linearly with temperature and the molar heat capacity of complex formation can be evaluated as = -245 cal/mol, indicating a hydrophobic binding mechanism. The free energy of binding is DeltaGdegrees = -10.5 kcal/mol and shows only little temperature dependence. The constancy of DeltaGdegrees together with the distinct temperature-dependence of DeltaHdegrees provide evidence for an entropy-enthalpy compensation mechanism: at 10 degrees C, complex formation is completely entropy-driven, at 50 degrees C it is enthalpy-driven. Varying the PE fatty acid chain-length between 6 and 18 carbon atoms produces similar binding constants and DeltaHdegrees values. Addition of Ro 09-0198 to PE containing bilayers eliminates the typical bilayer structure and produces 2H- and 31P-NMR spectra characteristic of slow isotropic tumbling. This reorganization of the lipid matrix is not limited to PE but also includes other lipids.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Biophysical Chemistry (Seelig J)
UniBasel Contributors:Seelig, Joachim
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Chemical Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:19
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:18

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