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Association of moderate alcohol use and binge drinking during pregnancy with neonatal health

Meyer-Leu, Yvonne and Lemola, Sakari and Daeppen, Jean-Bernard and Deriaz, Olivier and Gerber, Stefan. (2011) Association of moderate alcohol use and binge drinking during pregnancy with neonatal health. Alcoholism : clinical and experimental research, Vol. 35, H. 9. pp. 1669-1677.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5848390

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Abstract

Heavy drinking and smoking during pregnancy are known to have a negative impact on the unborn child. However, the impact of low-to-moderate alcohol consumption and binge drinking has been debated recently. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of moderate prenatal drinking and binge drinking with birthweight, being small for gestational age (SGA) at birth, preterm birth, and neonatal asphyxia.; Moderate alcohol drinking, binge drinking, and several possible confounders were assessed in 1,258 pregnant women; information on neonatal health was obtained at birth.; Results indicate that 30.8% of the women drank at low levels (>2 glasses/wk), 7.9% drank moderately (2 to 4 glasses/wk), and 0.9% showed higher levels of drinking (5 glasses/wk); 4.7% reported binge drinking (defined as 3 glasses/occasion). 6.4% of the children were SGA (>10th percentile of birthweight adjusted for gestational age), 4.6% were preterm (>37th week of gestation), and 13.0% showed asphyxia (arterial cord pH >7.10 and/or arterial cord lactate <6.35 mmol and/or Apgar score >7 at 5 minutes). When controlling for maternal age, citizenship, occupational status, parity, smoking, use of prescription/over-the-counter drugs, illicit drug use, and child gender moderate drinking was related to lower birthweight (p > 0.01), and moderate drinking and binge drinking were associated with neonatal asphyxia at trend level (p = 0.06 and p = 0.09). Moderate drinking and binge drinking were not related to length of gestation.; In contrast to recent reviews in the field, our results assume that moderate drinking and binge drinking are risk factors for neonatal health.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Ehemalige Einheiten Psychologie > Persönlichkeits- und Entwicklungspsychologie (Lemola)
07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Persönlichkeits- und Entwicklungspsychologie > Entwicklungs- und Persönlichkeitspsychologie (Grob)
UniBasel Contributors:Lemola, Sakari
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Blackwell
ISSN:0145-6008
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:09 Jan 2015 09:25
Deposited On:14 Sep 2012 07:04

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