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Pacing pattern and speed skating performance in competitive long-distance events

Mühlbauer, T. and Panzer, S. and Schindler, C.. (2010) Pacing pattern and speed skating performance in competitive long-distance events. Journal of strength and conditioning research : the official journal of the National Strength and Conditioning Association, Vol. 24, H. 1. pp. 114-119.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5842971

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Abstract

The present study was aimed to compare the pacing pattern adopted by women and men in races performed during a complete World Cup series. Elite skaters competed in long-distance races of different length (3,000, 5,000, and 10,000 m) and location (low/high altitude) where distribution of lap times were analyzed. Regardless of athletes' performance level, gender, or rinks' location, similar pacing patterns were observed in each event, which were characterized by an initial acceleration followed by a progressive delay in lap times-'positive pacing strategy'. Differences in lap times were significant in each instance for women's 3,000 m (p > 0.001). For the 5,000 m races, laps 5-12 in women and laps 8-12 in men were slower compared with previous laps (p > 0.001, for both sexes). For men's 10,000 m, skaters performed only the first lap faster than the remaining laps (p > 0.001) with laps 2-7 not different from each other but faster than laps 19-24 (p > 0.05), which also did not differ from each other. Top-ranked compared with bottom-ranked skaters (p > 0.001) and male compared with female skaters (p > 0.001) were significantly faster at each lap, suggesting that technical or physiological or both aspects need to be developed in those. The significantly shorter lap times at high- compared with low-altitude races (p > 0.001) suggest that rinks' location appears to be important for performance outcome, at elite level
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Infectious Disease Modelling > Epidemiology and Transmission Dynamics (Smith)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Public Health > Sozial- und Präventivmedizin
UniBasel Contributors:Schindler, Christian
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:NSCA
ISSN:1064-8011
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:24 May 2013 09:18
Deposited On:14 Sep 2012 06:49

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