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Explaining suicide in an urban slum of Mumbai, India: a sociocultural autopsy

Parkar, S. R. and Nagarsekar, B. and Weiss, M. G.. (2009) Explaining suicide in an urban slum of Mumbai, India: a sociocultural autopsy. Crisis, Vol. 30, H. 4. pp. 192-201.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5843215

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Health demographic mortality studies use verbal autopsies to identify suicide as a cause of death. Psychological autopsies focus almost exclusively on associated high-risk psychiatric disorders. New approaches considering contextual factors are needed for preventing suicide and promoting mental health. AIMS: This study examined explanations of suicide reported by surviving family members or close friends with reference to social, cultural, and environmental conditions as well as the challenges of life in the Malavani slum of Mumbai. METHODS: An EMIC (Explanatory Model Interview Catalog) interview based on a cultural epidemiological framework considered underlying problems, perceived causes, and sociocultural contexts. It was administered to survivors of 76 people who had died by suicide (56.6% women). RESULTS: Accounts of underlying problems typically referred to various aspects of tension (73.7%). Perceived causes often identified multiple factors. The sociocultural contexts of suicide included the victimization of women, the personal and social impact of problem drinking, marital problems, physical health problems, mental tension, possession and sorcery. Women were particularly vulnerable to the impact of problem drinking by a spouse or father. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates the value of an approach to sociocultural autopsy examining local contexts and explanations of suicide. Findings highlight needs for both mental health services and culturally sensitive social interventions
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Eco System Health Sciences > Health Impact Assessment (Utzinger)
UniBasel Contributors:Weiss, Mitchell G.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Hogrefe & Huber
ISSN:0227-5910
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:08 Nov 2012 16:18
Deposited On:14 Sep 2012 06:46

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