Sled-type motion on the nanometer scale : determination of dissipation and cohesive energies of C-60

Luthi, R. and Meyer, E. and Haefke, H. and Howald, L. and Gutmannsbauer, W. and Guntherodt, H. J.. (1994) Sled-type motion on the nanometer scale : determination of dissipation and cohesive energies of C-60. Science, Vol. 266, H. 5193. pp. 1979-1981.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5839485

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The tribological properties of C-60 on the mesoscopic scale were investigated with a scanning force microscope, which allowed simultaneous measurements of normal and lateral forces under ultrahigh-vacuum conditions. islands of C-60, deposited on NaCl(001), could be moved by the action of the probing tip in a controlled way. Different modes of motion, such as translation and rotation, were observed. An extremely small dissipation energy of about 0.25 millielectron volt per molecule and a cohesive energy of 1.5 electron volts were determined in these nanometer-scale experiments. The corresponding shear strength of 0.05 to 0.1 megapascal was smaller by one order of magnitude than typical values of boundary lubricants. For C-60 on graphite, disruption of the islands was observed and collective motion of the islands could not be achieved. These results could find use in the field of nanotechnology; for example, C-60 islands could be developed into a sled-type transport system on the nanometer scale.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Nanomechanik (Meyer)
UniBasel Contributors:Meyer, Ernst
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Association for the Advancement of Science
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:14 Sep 2012 07:18
Deposited On:14 Sep 2012 06:43

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