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Frequency and correlates of substance use among preadolescents and adolescents in a Swiss epidemiological study

Steinhausen, H. C. and Metzke, C. W.. (1998) Frequency and correlates of substance use among preadolescents and adolescents in a Swiss epidemiological study. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry and allied disciplines, Vol. 39, H. 3. pp. 387-397.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5838941

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Abstract

Alcohol use and nicotine use were investigated in a representative sample of 1110 study participants aged 10 to 17 years. In addition to questions on substance use, the participants responded to questionnaires covering behavior and emotions, life events, self-related cognitions, coping capacities, perceived parental behavior, perceived school environment, and the social network. The gender gap in substance used tended to close with increasing age. Parental substance use served as a model for substance use in the participants. Substance users had more abnormal scores on almost all variables as compared to abstaining controls. Lack of acceptance and control, pressure to achieve at school, and life events significantly predicted substance use. The latter served as a moderating risk variable for delinquent behavior under stress.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Ehemalige Einheiten Psychologie > Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology (Schneider)
UniBasel Contributors:Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Blackwell
ISSN:0021-9630
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:08 Jun 2012 06:55
Deposited On:08 Jun 2012 06:43

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