Distribution of the auxiliary GABA(B) receptor subunits KCTD8, 12, 12b and 16 in the mouse brain

Metz, M. and Gassmann, M. and Fakler, B. and Schaeren-Wiemers, N. and Bettler, B.. (2011) Distribution of the auxiliary GABA(B) receptor subunits KCTD8, 12, 12b and 16 in the mouse brain. The journal of comparative neurology, Vol. 519, H. 8. pp. 1435-1454.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5844213

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GABA(B) receptors are the G-protein coupled receptors for gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). KCTD8, 12, 12b, and 16 were recently identified as auxiliary GABA(B) receptor subunits and distinctly influence biophysical and pharmacological properties of the receptor response. Here we examined the expression patterns of the KCTDs in the mouse brain. Using in situ hybridization analysis, we found that most neurons express KCTD transcripts, supporting biochemical data showing that most GABA(B) receptors in the brain incorporate KCTD proteins. In the adult brain, KCTD12 and 16 have a widespread and KCTD8 and 12b a restricted expression pattern. Individual neurons can coexpress multiple KCTDs, as shown for granule cells and CA1/CA3 pyramidal cells in the hippocampus that coexpress KCTD12 and 16. In contrast, granule, Purkinje and Golgi cells in the cerebellum selectively express one KCTD at the time. The expression levels of individual KCTD transcripts vary during postnatal brain development. Immunohistochemistry reveals that individual KCTD proteins can exhibit distinct axonal or dendritic localizations in neuronal populations. KCTDs are also detectable in non-neuronal tissues not expected to express GABA(B) receptors, suggesting that the role of KCTD proteins extends beyond GABA(B) receptors. In summary, our findings support that most brain GABA(B) receptors associate with KCTD proteins, but that the repertoire and abundance of KCTDs varies during development, among brain areas, neuronal populations and at subcellular sites. We propose that the distinct spatial and temporal KCTD distribution patterns underlie functional differences in native GABA(B) responses. J. Comp. Neurol., 2011. (c) 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel > Neurobiology (Schaeren-Wiemers)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Division of Physiology > Molecular Neurobiology Synaptic Plasticity (Bettler)
UniBasel Contributors:Schaeren-Wiemers, Nicole and Bettler, Bernhard
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:10 Apr 2015 09:13
Deposited On:08 Jun 2012 06:40

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