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Determination of delta O-18 in soils : measuring conditions and a potential application

Schaub, M. and Seth, B. and Alewell, C.. (2009) Determination of delta O-18 in soils : measuring conditions and a potential application. Rapid communications in mass spectrometry, Vol. 23, H. 2. pp. 313-318.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5251140

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Abstract

The stable oxygen isotope signature (delta O-18) of soil is expected to be the result of a mixture of components within the soil with varying delta O-18 signatures. Thus, the delta O-18 of soils should provide information about the soil's substrate, especially about the relative contribution of organic matter versus minerals. As there is no standard method available for measuring soil delta O-18, the method for the measurement of single components using a high-temperature conversion elemental analyser (TC/EA) was adapted. We measured in standard materials (IAEA 601, IAEA 602, Merck cellulose) and soils (organic and mineral soils) in order to determine a suitable pyrolysis temperature for soil analysis. We consider a pyrolysis temperature suitable when the yield of signal intensity (intensity of mass 28 per 100 mu g) is at a maximum and the acquired raw delta O-18 signature is constant for the standard materials used and when the quartz signal from the soil is still negligible. After testing several substances within the temperature range of 1075 to 1375 degrees C we decided to use a pyrolysis temperature of 1325 degrees C for further measurements. For the Urseren Valley we have found a sequence of increasing delta O-18 signatures from phyllosilicates to upland soils, wetland soils and vegetation. Our measurements show that the delta O-18 values of upland soil samples differ significantly from wetland soil samples. The latter can be related to the changing mixing ratio of the mineral and organic constituents of the soil. For wetlands affected by soil erosion, we have found intermediate delta O-18 signatures which lie between typical signatures for upland and wetland sites and give evidence for the input of upland soil material through erosion. Copyright (C) 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Geowissenschaften > Umweltgeowissenschaften (Alewell)
UniBasel Contributors:Alewell, Christine
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:1097-0231
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:28
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 14:05

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