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Analysis of aquifer heterogeneity within a well capture zone, comparison of model data with field experiments : a case study from the river Wiese, Switzerland

Regli, C. and Rauber, M. and Huggenberger, P.. (2003) Analysis of aquifer heterogeneity within a well capture zone, comparison of model data with field experiments : a case study from the river Wiese, Switzerland. Aquatic sciences, vol. 65. pp. 111-128.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A3212664

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Abstract

This paper describes two groundwater models simulating a well capture zone in a heterogeneous aquifer located near an infiltrating river. A deterministic, large-scaled groundwater model (1.8 x 1.2 km) is used to simulate the average behavior of groundwater flow and advective transport. It is also used to assign the boundary conditions for a small-scaled groundwater model (550 x 400 m) which relies on stochastically generated aquifer properties based on site-specific drill core and georadar data. The small-scaled groundwater model is used to include the large subsurface heterogeneity at the location of interest. The stochastic approach in the small-scaled groundwater model does not lead to a clearly defined well capture zone, but to a plane representation of the probability of a certain surface location belonging to the well capture zone. The models were applied to a study site, which is located in an area of artificial groundwater recharge and production, in Lange Erlen near Basel, Northwestern Switzerland. The groundwater at this site contributes to the city's drinking water supply, and the site serves as a recreational area to the population of Basel. The river is channelized, but there are initiatives to restore the riverbank to more natural conditions. However, they conflict with the requirements of groundwater protection, especially during flood events. Therefore, a river section of 600 m in the vicinity of an unused and disconnected drinking water well was restored to study changes in the groundwater flow regime depending on hydrologic variations, water supply operation data, progress of river restoration, and subsurface heterogeneity. The results of the groundwater models are compared with data from two tracer experiments using Uranine and the natural Radon isotope Rn-222, and with physical, chemical, and microbiological data sampled in monitoring wells between the river and the drinking water well. ^ Hydrogeologie der Nordwestschweiz, Grundwasser
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Geologie-Paläontologie > Applied Geology (Huggenberger)
UniBasel Contributors:Huggenberger, Peter
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Birkhäuser
ISSN:1015-1621
Note:Note: Zugleich als Sonderdruck erschienen -- Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:18 Dec 2015 09:32
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 14:02

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