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Luttinger liquids and composite fermions in nanostructures : what is the nature of the edge states in the fractional quantum Hall regime?

Geller, M. R. and Loss, D. and Kirczenow, G.. (1997) Luttinger liquids and composite fermions in nanostructures : what is the nature of the edge states in the fractional quantum Hall regime? Superlattices and microstructures, Vol. 21, H. 1. pp. 49-60.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5254772

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Abstract

We study the Aharonov-Bohm conductance oscillations of a constriction with an antidot in the fractional quantum Hall regime using a recently proposed composite-fermion Fermi liquid theory, and also using Wen`s chiral Luttinger liquid theory extended to include mesoscopic effects. The predictions of the composite-fermion Fermi liquid theory are very similar to standard Fermi liquid theory and are consistent with recent experiments. In our chiral Luttinger liquid theory, which is valid in an experimentally realizable `strong-antidot-coupling` regime for bulk filling factors g = 1/q (q odd), the finite size of the antidot introduces a new temperature scale T-0 = (h) over bar upsilon/pi k(B)L, where upsilon is the Fermi velocity and L is the circumference of the antidot edge state. Chiral Luttinger liquid theory predicts the low-temperature (T much less than T-0) Aharonov-Bohm amplitude to vanish with temperature as T-2q-2, in striking contrast to Fermi liquid theory (q = 1). Near T approximate to T-0, there is a pronounced maximum in the amplitude, also in contrast to a Fermi liquid. At high temperatures (T much greater than T-0), however, we predict a new crossover to a T(2q-1)e(-qT/T0) temperature dependence, which is qualitatively similar to Fermi liquid behavior. We show how measurements in the strong-antidot-coupling regime, where transmission through the device is weak, should be able to distinguish between Fermi liquid and chiral Luttinger liquid behavior both at low and high temperatures and in the linear and nonlinear response regimes. Finally, we predict new mesoscopic edge-current oscillations, which are similar to persistent current oscillations in a mesoscopic ring, except that they are not reduced in amplitude by disorder. In the fractional regime, these 'chiral persistent currents' have a universal non-Fermi-liquid temperature dependence, and may be another ideal system to observe a chiral Luttinger liquid.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Theoretische Physik Mesoscopics (Loss)
UniBasel Contributors:Loss, Daniel
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1096-3677
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:27
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:58

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