Exposure of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) to nonylphenol is associated with an increased chloride cell fractional surface area

Stoffel, M. H. and Wahli, T. and Friess, A. E. and Burkhardt-Holm, P.. (2000) Exposure of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) to nonylphenol is associated with an increased chloride cell fractional surface area. SAT, 142 (5). pp. 263-267.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5252599

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Nonylphenol is a biodegradation product of a widely used group of non-ionic detergents. Because of its ubiquitous distribution and persistence, nonylphenol is present in surface waters as a pollutant. Little is known about its biological effects at environmentally relevant concentrations other than its action as a xenoestrogen. The goal of the present paper was to study the trout gill surface epithelium as the major interface between fish and water in view of possible morphological alterations due to exposure to nonylphenol. Rainbow trout were intermittently exposed to 10 micrograms/l nonylphenol and gill samples from experimental and control animals were investigated by scanning electron microscopy. Gill surface epithelium was scrutinised for changes in chloride cell density and their status regarding cell surface modifications. In addition, chloride cell fractional surface area (CCFA) was determined by morphometrical methods. Statistical analysis revealed a highly significant increase of CCFA in animals exposed to nonylphenol as compared to control animals (P = 0.0001). Semi-quantitative assessment of the other parameters suggested a higher chloride cell density and a larger proportion of chloride cells bearing microvilli. Taken together, these results provide evidence that exposure of trout to nonylphenol is associated with a substantial increase in the active interface of chloride cells with water. We interpret these findings as being a means to further the fish's capacity for calcium exchange.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Biologie > Aquatische ├ľkologie (Holm)
UniBasel Contributors:Holm, Patricia
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Verlag Hans Huber
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:13 Nov 2017 10:25
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:57

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