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Quantum computing in molecular magnets

Leuenberger, M. N. and Loss, D.. (2001) Quantum computing in molecular magnets. Nature, Vol. 410, H. 6830. pp. 789-793.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5254734

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Abstract

Shor and Grover demonstrated that a quantum computer can outperform any classical computer in factoring numbers(1) and in searching a database(2) by exploiting the parallelism of quantum mechanics. Whereas Shor`s algorithm requires both superposition and entanglement of a many-particle system(3), the superposition of single-particle quantum states is sufficient for Grover`s algorithm(4). Recently, the latter has been successfully implemented(5) using Rydberg atoms. Here we propose an implementation of Grover`s algorithm that uses molecular magnets(6-10), which are solid-state systems with a large spin; their spin eigenstates make them natural candidates for single-particle systems. We show theoretically that molecular magnets can be used to build dense and efficient memory devices based on the Grover algorithm. In particular, one single crystal can serve as a storage unit of a dynamic random access memory device. Fast electron spin resonance pulses can be used to decode and read out stored numbers of up to 10(5), with access times as short as 10(-10) seconds. We show that our proposal should be feasible using the molecular magnets Fe-8 and Mn-12.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Theoretische Physik Mesoscopics (Loss)
UniBasel Contributors:Loss, Daniel
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Macmillan
ISSN:0028-0836
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:26
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:55

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