edoc

Multispecific amphipathic substrate transport by an organic anion transporter of human liver

Bossuyt, X. and Müller, M. and Meier, P. J.. (1996) Multispecific amphipathic substrate transport by an organic anion transporter of human liver. Journal of hepatology, Vol. 25, H. 5. S. 733-738.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5261726

Downloads: Statistics Overview

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hepatic uptake of differently charged amphipathic endo- and xenobiotics is thought to occur via distinct carrier-mediated transport systems. Alternatively, a single rat organic anion transporting polypeptide (oatp) has recently been demonstrated to mediate hepatocellular uptake of differently charged amphipathic substrates. AIM: To investigate whether a cloned human liver organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP) also can mediate charge- and class-independent hepatocellular uptake of amphipathic substrates. METHODS: Xenopus laevis oocytes were injected with OATP-cRNA. Sodium-independent uptake of estrone-3-sulfate, ouabain and the organic cation N-(4,4-azo-n-pentyl)-21-ajmalinium was compared in OATP-expressing and uninjected (or water injected) control oocytes. RESULTS: Our results indicate that OATP, in addition to bromosulfophthalein and bile salts, can also transport anionic estrone-3-sulfate (Km approximately 59 microM), neutral ouabain (K(m) approximately 5.5 mM) and cationic N-(4,4-azo-n-pentyl)-21-ajmalinium. For each of these compounds, OATP-mediated uptake was cis-inhibited by the OATP substrate taurochenodeoxycholate and the transport activities correlated well with the amounts of cRNA injected. CONCLUSION: Similar to the rat liver oatp, the human liver OATP can also mediate multispecific and charge-independent uptake of lipophilic amphipathic organic compounds. Thus, OATP may play an important role in the first pass clearance of drugs and other xenobiotics by the human liver.
Faculties and Departments:11 Rektorat und Verwaltung > Vizerektorat Forschung
UniBasel Contributors:Meier-Abt, Peter J.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0168-8278
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Related URLs:
Identification Number:
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:24
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:40

Repository Staff Only: item control page