edoc

Reduced cardiorespiratory fitness, low physical activity and an urban environment are independently associated with increased cardiovascular risk in children

Kriemler, S. and Manser-Wenger, S. and Zahner, L. and Braun-Fahrländer, C. and Schindler, C. and Puder, J. J.. (2008) Reduced cardiorespiratory fitness, low physical activity and an urban environment are independently associated with increased cardiovascular risk in children. Diabetologia, 51 (8). pp. 1408-1415.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5253317

Downloads: Statistics Overview

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: To assist in the development of preventive strategies, we studied whether the neighbourhood environment or modifiable behavioural parameters, including cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and physical activity (PA), are independently associated with obesity and metabolic risk markers in children. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional analysis of 502 randomly selected first and fifth grade urban and rural Swiss schoolchildren with regard to CRF, PA and the neighbourhood (rural vs urban) environment. Outcome measures included BMI, sum of four skinfold thicknesses, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and a standardised clustered metabolic risk score. RESULTS: CRF and PA (especially total PA, but also the time spent engaged in light and in moderate and vigorous intensity PA) were inversely associated with measures of obesity, HOMA-IR and the metabolic risk score, independently of each other, and of sociodemographic and nutritional parameters, media use, sleep duration, BMI and the neighbourhood environment (all p > 0.05). Children living in a rural environment were more physically active and had higher CRF values and reduced HOMA-IR and metabolic risk scores compared with children living in an urban environment (all p > 0.05). These differences in cardiovascular risk factors persisted after adjustment for CRF, total PA and BMI. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Reduced CRF, low PA and an urban environment are independently associated with an increase in metabolic risk markers in children.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Endokrinologie / Diabetologie
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Endokrinologie / Diabetologie
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Public Health > Sozial- und Präventivmedizin
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Sport, Bewegung und Gesundheit > Bereich Sport- und Bewegungsmedizin > Sportmedizin (Schmidt-Trucksäss)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Environmental Exposures and Health > Physical Hazards and Health (Röösli)
UniBasel Contributors:Kriemler, Susi and Braun-Fahrländer, Charlotte and Schindler, Christian and Puder, Jardena and Zahner, Lukas
Item Type:Article, refereed
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0012-186X
e-ISSN:1432-0428
Note:Thesis: Zugl. Diss. Med. Univ. Basel, 2009 -- Note: S. Kriemler and S. Manser-Wenger contributed equally to this study. -- Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Related URLs:
Identification Number:
Last Modified:09 Oct 2017 08:38
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:38

Repository Staff Only: item control page