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Hepatocellular transport of bile acids : evidence for distinct subcellular localizations of electrogenic and ATP-dependent taurocholate transport in rat hepatocytes

Kast, C. and Stieger, B. and Winterhalter, K. H. and Meier, P. J.. (1994) Hepatocellular transport of bile acids : evidence for distinct subcellular localizations of electrogenic and ATP-dependent taurocholate transport in rat hepatocytes. Journal of biological chemistry, Vol. 269, no. 7. S. 5179-5186.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5261753

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Abstract

To investigate whether electrogenic and ATP-dependent taurocholate transport activities are both mediated by the same bile acid-transporting polypeptide in rat liver, we further purified isolated canalicular membrane vesicles by free flow electrophoresis. Removal of most of the contaminating endoplasmic reticulum resulted in a complete loss of electrogenic taurocholate transport from an ecto-ATPase-enriched canalicular membrane subfraction. In contrast, ATP-dependent taurocholate transport remained associated with both an ecto-ATPase-enriched and an ecto-ATPase-free canalicular membrane subfraction. Microsomes containing 64% of total endoplasmic reticulum exhibited saturable electrogenic (Km approximately 270 microM), but no ATP-dependent taurocholate uptake. Golgi membrane vesicles were devoid of any taurocholate transport activity. These results indicate that electrogenic taurocholate transport resides entirely in the endoplasmic reticulum, whereas ATP-dependent bile acid transport is an intrinsic function of the canalicular membrane as well as of a so far unidentified intracellular membrane bound compartment. Hence, the two transport activities are most probably mediated by two different bile acid transporting polypeptides. Furthermore, the finding of ATP-dependent taurocholate transport in virtually ecto-ATPase-free vesicles argues against the concept of primary active bile acid transport being exclusively mediated by the canalicular ecto-ATPase.
Faculties and Departments:11 Rektorat und Verwaltung > Vizerektorat Forschung
UniBasel Contributors:Meier-Abt, Peter J.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Society of Biological Chemists
ISSN:0021-9258
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:23
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:34

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