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Stable expression of a single-copy rolA gene in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana plants allows an exhaustive mutagenic analysis of the transgene-associated phenotype

Dehio, C. and Schell, J.. (1993) Stable expression of a single-copy rolA gene in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana plants allows an exhaustive mutagenic analysis of the transgene-associated phenotype. Molecular and general genetics, Vol. 241, no. 3-4. S. 359-366.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5259060

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Abstract

Several publications have documented the instability of transgene expression in plants. Previous genetic approaches to the study of transgene-associated phenotypes in plants were limited by this phenomenon. Here we show that a transgene can be expressed in plants with sufficient stability to allow an exhaustive mutagenic analysis of the resulting phenotype. We have expressed the morphogenic rolA gene from the TL-DNA of Agrobacterium rhizogenes Ri plasmid in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana plants. The resulting pleiotropic RolA phenotype allows a visual screen for reversion to detect germinal as well as somatic instability of transgene expression. However no spontaneous reversions of the Ro-1A phenotype were observed in 65,000 progeny of two independent transgenic A. thaliana lines, each carrying a single homozygous rolA locus. In contrast, 12 revertants of the RolA phenotype were isolated from 360,000 ethyl methane sulphonate (EMS)-mutagenized M2 progeny. All revertants were shown genetically to carry stable recessive mutations in the rolA locus, thus establishing a series of loss-of-function alleles. Molecular characterization revealed that the loss-of-function alleles were structurally intact and expressed in all rolA mutants. A wildtype rolA locus and two loss-of-function alleles were reisolated and sequenced; base pair substitutions were found in each loss-of-function allele leading to single amino acid substitutions in the rolA open reading frame. Therefore no instability of expression of the rolA locus was detected in any of the 425,000 individuals studied in this analysis. Furthermore even under conditions of saturation mutagenesis, no extragenic suppressor locus was detected.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Infection Biology > Molecular Microbiology (Dehio)
UniBasel Contributors:Dehio, Christoph
Item Type:Article, refereed
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0026-8925
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:23
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:34

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