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Alpha 1-adrenergic stimulation of ketogenesis and fatty acid oxidation is associated with inhibition of lipogenesis in rat hepatocytes

Stark, B. and Keller, U.. (1987) Alpha 1-adrenergic stimulation of ketogenesis and fatty acid oxidation is associated with inhibition of lipogenesis in rat hepatocytes. Experientia, Vol. 43, Nr. 10. S. 1104-1106.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6419969

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Abstract

The effect of norepinephrine on fatty acid synthesis (3H2O incorporation into fatty acids), on fatty acid oxidation to CO2 and on ketogenesis was studied in isolated hepatocytes of fed rats. After incubation with norepinephrine (50 microM), lipogenesis was lower (5.7 +/- 1.1 nmoles 3H2O incorporated into fatty acids/mg dry weight/30 min) than in controls (7.5 +/- 1.7; n = 6, p less than 0.02). In contrast, (1-14C) palmitate conversion into total ketone bodies was increased to 10.9 +/- 1.8 nmoles/mg/30 min with norepinephrine, vs 8.5 +/- 1.6 in controls (p less than 0.05), and more (1-14C) palmitate was converted to 14CO2 with norepinephrine than in controls (1.48 +/- 0.10 nmoles/mg/30 min vs 1.06 +/- 0.11, p less than 0.05). The inhibitory effect of norepinephrine on lipogenesis was abolished by addition of the alpha 1-receptor blocker prazosin, but not by alpha 2 or beta-blockers. The results demonstrate that the ketogenic effect of norepinephrine is coupled with an inhibitory effect on lipogenesis which may be explained by diminished activity of acetyl-CoA carboxylase, diminished formation of malonyl-CoA and decreased activity of carnitine palmitoyl transferase I.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Former Units at DBM > Metabolism (Keller/Müller)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Klinische Endokrinologie (Keller)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Klinische Endokrinologie (Keller)
UniBasel Contributors:Keller, Ulrich O.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Birkhäuser
ISSN:0014-4754
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:04 Sep 2015 14:31
Deposited On:04 Sep 2015 14:31

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