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Seroprevalence of rift valley fever, Q fever, and brucellosis in ruminants on the southeastern shore of lake Chad

Abakar, Mahamat Fayiz and Naré, Ngandolo B. and Schelling, Esther and Hattendorf, Jan and Alfaroukh, Idriss O. and Zinsstag, Jakob. (2014) Seroprevalence of rift valley fever, Q fever, and brucellosis in ruminants on the southeastern shore of lake Chad. Vector-borne and zoonotic diseases, Vol. 14, H. 10. pp. 757-762.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6319185

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Abstract

Abstract The seroprevalence of Rift Valley fever (RVF), brucellosis, and Q fever among domestic ruminants on the southeastern shore of Lake Chad was studied. The study area consisted of two parts, including mainland and islands. On the mainland, the study was conducted in nine randomly selected villages and camps. On the islands, samples were collected from all four available sites. A total of 985 serum samples were collected and 924 were analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for RVF. A total of 561 samples collected from islands were analyzed using ELISA for Q fever and both ELISA and Rose Bengal tests (RBT) for brucellosis. The apparent RVF seroprevalence by species was 37.8% (95% confidence interval [CI] 34.2-41.3) in cattle, 18.8% (95% CI 12.3-25.2) in goats, and 10.8% (95% CI 3.0-18.5) in sheep. For brucellosis and Q fever, only cattle samples from islands were analyzed. For Q fever, the apparent seroprevalence was 7.8% (95% CI 5.6-10.1). For brucellosis, the RBT showed a prevalence of 5.7% (95% CI 3.8-7.6), and ELISA showed 11.9% (95% CI 9.3-14.6) with a kappa value of 0.53 showing a moderate agreement between the two tests. This study confirms the presence of the three diseases in the study area. More research is required to assess the importance for public health and conservation of the Kouri cattle breed.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Human and Animal Health > One Health (Zinsstag)
UniBasel Contributors:Schelling, Esther and Hattendorf, Jan and Zinsstag, Jakob Z
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Mary Ann Liebert
ISSN:1530-3667
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:09 Jan 2015 09:24
Deposited On:09 Jan 2015 09:24

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