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Regulation of histone and beta A-globin gene expression during differentiation of chicken erythroid cells

Affolter, M. and Cote, J. and Renaud, J. and Ruiz-Carrillo, A.. (1987) Regulation of histone and beta A-globin gene expression during differentiation of chicken erythroid cells. Molecular and cellular biology, Vol. 7, H. 10. S. 3663-3672.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5258977

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Abstract

The expression of the genes for several histones and beta A-globin was examined in the chicken erythroid cells lineage. During the transition from CFU-(E) to the mature erythrocyte, histone H5 gradually increased fourfold in nuclei with little concomitant displacement of the H1 histones. This resulted in a 70% net increase in linker histone (H1 plus H5) content. The differential accumulation of H5 reflected (i) an increase in the transcriptional activity of the H5 gene occurring at the erythroblast stage, (ii) an apparent longer half-life of H5 mRNA, and (iii) a higher stability of the protein. Although the transcriptional activity of the histone genes (except H5) decreased with cell age, it was not tightly coupled to the S phase. On the other hand, the mRNA levels for these histones were tightly regulated during the cell cycle. Use of protein and DNA synthesis inhibitors indicated that the content of H5 mRNA was regulated at the posttranscriptional level by a control mechanism(s) differing from those for the other histones. Although the transcription rates of the H5 and beta A-globin genes were comparable, differential accumulation of beta A-globin mRNA led to a 30- to 170-fold-higher copy number of the beta A-globin mRNA as the cell matured.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Growth & Development > Cell Biology (Affolter)
UniBasel Contributors:Affolter, Markus
Item Type:Article, refereed
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
ISSN:1098-5549
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:20
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:21

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