edoc

[Current aspects in diagnosis and therapy of pediatric facial paralysis]

Wolf, S. R. and Heininger, U. and Schneider, W. and Wenzel, D.. (1994) [Current aspects in diagnosis and therapy of pediatric facial paralysis]. HNO, Vol. 42, H. 10. S. 624-628.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5839211

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Abstract

Between 1986 and 1992, 60 children with facial nerve palsy (FNP) were examined at the ORL hospital at Erlangen-Nuremberg University. By using blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-serological tests acute infection with Borrelia burgdorferi (B.b.) could be proved in 16 of 40 children (40%) whose pareses could not be clarified etiologically at first examination. Whereas all idiopathic FNP patients (22) had normal CSF-results, more than half of the B.b.-infected children showed pathological findings, with pleocytosis indicating meningitis. These findings demonstrated that lumbar puncture should be performed in children with FNP of unclear etiology, particularly in cases with positive borreliosis blood serology. The children with borreliosis received penicillin G or ceftriaxone intravenously for at least 14 days and patients with idiopathic FNP were treated with cortisone either orally alone or intravenously in combination with pentoxifylline and hydroxyethylstarch. The outcome in 95% of the patients showed that complete recovery was similar in borreliosis and idiopathic FNP irrespective of treatment with cortisone. Overall, 88% of the FNP recovered completely, indicating a favorable prognosis of FNP in children.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde (Klinik) > Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde (UKBB)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde (Klinik) > Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde (UKBB)
03 Faculty of Medicine
UniBasel Contributors:Heininger, Ulrich
Item Type:Article, refereed
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0017-6192
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal item
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Last Modified:06 Dec 2013 09:35
Deposited On:06 Dec 2013 09:35

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