Huser Studer, Sonja. A role for amphiphysin in AP-1/clathrin coat formation. 2013, PhD Thesis, University of Basel, Faculty of Science.
Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/diss/DissB_10324
In vitro studies showed the minimal requirements for association of AP-1 to liposomal membranes to be activated ARF1, phosphoinositides, and either sorting signals or unknown cytosolic factors. We have used a liposome floatation assay to identify cytosolic proteins collaborating with AP-1 at the membrane. Separation of proteins from bovine brain cytosol with several chromatographic methods yielded an active fraction containing amphiphysin 1, amphiphysin 2, and endophilin A1. All three proteins are expressed in brain and known to be involved in AP-2/clathrin coat formation. They consist of an N-terminal N-BAR (Bin, amphiphysin, Rvs) domain for dimerization and membrane binding and a C-terminal SH3 (Src homology 3) domain for interaction with dynamin and synaptojanin. Amphiphysin 1 and 2 in addition contain a middle domain with binding sites for adaptors and clathrin. It was proposed that amphiphysins and endophilin are targeted to membranes with high curvature, such as the neck of a forming vesicle, where they recruit dynamin and synaptojanin in preparation for vesicle fission and uncoating.
In this thesis, I bacterially expressed and purified all three proteins and tested them in the floatation assay for AP-1 membrane binding activity. Only amphiphysin 2 showed activity, both as a homodimer and as a heterodimer with amphiphysin 1. Activity depended on a motif that was shown to bind to AP-1, AP-2, and clathrin in GST pull-down experiments.
Endogenous amphiphysins in primary neurons, as well as transiently expressed in neuronal or fibroblast cell lines, co-localized with AP-1 at the TGN. In addition, when expressed at high levels in neuronal cells, amphiphysins aggregated and interfered dominantly with the TGN localization of AP-1. Both phenomena depended on the presence of the clathrin and adaptor interaction sequence in the amphiphysins. Furthermore, both amphiphysins could be cross-linked to AP-1 in vivo.
Our results indicate that amphiphysin 1 and 2 function not only in clathrin coated vesicle formation for endocytosis at the plasma membrane, but are also part of the machinery forming AP-1/clathrin coats at the TGN and endosomes. This suggests that the machineries for CCV formation with AP-1 and AP-2 at different locations in the cell share more components than previously anticipated.
|Committee Members:||Spang, Anne|
|Faculties and Departments:||05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Growth & Development > Biochemistry (Spiess)|
|Bibsysno:||Link to catalogue|
|Number of Pages:||136 S.|
|Last Modified:||30 Jun 2016 10:52|
|Deposited On:||15 Mar 2013 09:46|
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