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Functional cloning of BRF1, a regulator of ARE-dependent mRNA turnover

Stoecklin, G. and Colombi, M. and Raineri, I. and Leuenberger, S. and Mallaun, M. and Schmidlin, M. and Gross, B. and Lu, M. and Kitamura, T. and Moroni, C.. (2002) Functional cloning of BRF1, a regulator of ARE-dependent mRNA turnover. The EMBO journal, Vol. 21, H. 17. S. 4709-4718.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5257877

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Abstract

To identify regulators of AU-rich element (ARE)-dependent mRNA turnover we have followed a genetic approach using a mutagenized cell line (slowC) that fails to degrade cytokine mRNA. Accordingly, a GFP reporter construct whose mRNA is under control of the ARE from interleukin-3 gives an increased fluorescence signal in slowC. Here we describe rescue of slowC by a retroviral cDNA library. Flow cytometry allowed us to isolate revertants with reconstituted rapid mRNA decay. The cDNA was identified as butyrate response factor-1 (BRF1), encoding a zinc finger protein homologous to tristetraprolin. Mutant slowC carries frame-shift mutations in both BRF1 alleles, whereas slowB with intermediate decay kinetics is heterozygous. By use of small interfering (si)RNA, independent evidence for an active role of BRF1 in mRNA degradation was obtained. In transiently transfected NIH 3T3 cells, BRF1 accelerated mRNA decay and antagonized the stabilizing effect of PI3-kinase, while mutation of the zinc fingers abolished both function and ARE-binding activity. This approach, which identified BRF1 as an essential regulator of ARE-dependent mRNA decay, should also be applicable to other cis-elements of mRNA turnover.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Growth and Development (Moroni)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Former Units at DBM > Growth and Development (Moroni)
UniBasel Contributors:Moroni, Christoph
Item Type:Article, refereed
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0261-4189
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:20
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:19

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