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Evolution of structural properties of iron oxide nano particles during temperature treatment from 250 degrees C-900 degrees C : X-ray diffraction and Fe K-shell pre-edge X-ray absorption study

Bora, Debajeet K. and Braun, Artur and Erat, Selma and Safonova, Olga and Graule, Thomas and Constable, Edwin C.. (2012) Evolution of structural properties of iron oxide nano particles during temperature treatment from 250 degrees C-900 degrees C : X-ray diffraction and Fe K-shell pre-edge X-ray absorption study. Current Applied Physics, 12 (3). pp. 817-825.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6056189

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Abstract

Iron oxide nano particles with nominal Fe2O3 stoichiometry were synthesized by a wet, soft chemical method with heat treatment temperatures from 250 degrees C to 900 degrees C in air. The variation in the structural properties of the nano particles with the heat treatment temperature was studied by X-ray diffraction and Fe K-shell X-ray absorption spectroscopy. X-ray diffractograms show that at lower annealing temperatures the nano particle comprise both maghemite and hematite phases. With increasing temperature, the remainder of the maghemite phase transforms completely to hematite. Profile analysis of the leading Bragg reflections reveals that the average crystallite size increases from 50 nm to 150 nm with increasing temperature. The mean primary particle size decreases from 105 nm to 90 nm with increasing heat treatment temperature. The X-ray diffraction results are paralleled by systematic changes in the pre-edge structure of the Fe K-edge X-ray absorption spectra, in particular by a gradual decrease of the t(2g)/e(g) peak height ratio of the two leading pre-edge resonances, confirming oxidation of the Fe from Fe2+ towards Fe3+. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) on the samples treated at temperatures as high as 900 degrees C showed particles with prismatic morphology along with the formation of stacking fault like defects. High resolution TEM with selected area electron diffraction (SAED) of samples heat treated above 350 degrees C showed that the nano particles have well developed lattice fringes corresponding to that of (110) plane of hematite.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Anorganische Chemie (Constable)
UniBasel Contributors:Constable, Edwin Charles
Item Type:Article, refereed
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1567-1739
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:08 May 2017 07:13
Deposited On:01 Feb 2013 08:41

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