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Monoclonal antibodies to sucrase/isomaltase : probes for the study of postnatal development and biogenesis of the intestinal microvillus membrane

Hauri, H. P. and Quaroni, A. and Isselbacher, K. J.. (1980) Monoclonal antibodies to sucrase/isomaltase : probes for the study of postnatal development and biogenesis of the intestinal microvillus membrane. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 77, H. 11. S. 6629-6633.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5257848

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Abstract

Two monoclonal antibodies, designated BB 3/34/12 and BB 5/8/40/90, have been produced to rat intestinal sucrase/isomaltase (SI) by the hybridoma technique using microvillus membranes as antigen. The BB 3/34/12 antibody was shown to be specific for the sucrase subunit. These antibodies provided new information regarding the biosynthesis and postnatal development of SI. In rat intestinal fetal transplants, SI was found exclusively in the form of an enzymatically active high molecular weight precursor, confirming our previous observations concerning the role of luminal proteases for the processing of SI in the microvillus membrane. The SI precursor, purified by affinity chromatography using the BB 3/34/12 antibody, had both sucrase and isomaltase activities, suggesting that a single precursor protein generates both sucrase and isomaltase subunits by proteolytic cleavage. The initial appearance of SI during normal postnatal development in the rat intestine was found to be confined to the cells present at the base of the villi. The same localization was observed after precocious induction of SI by cortisone acetate. In both cases, no immunofluorescence was observed in the crypts, suggesting that only the differentiated enterocyte is capable of synthesizing this enzyme. Even at the earliest times of appearance, newly synthesized SI was found almost completely split into its subunits, suggesting that the protease(s) responsible for the processing of the precursor in the microvillus membrane develop(s) in parallel with SI or earlier.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Pharmacology/Neurobiology (Hauri)
UniBasel Contributors:Hauri, Hans-Peter
Item Type:Article, refereed
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:National Academy of Sciences
ISSN:0027-8424
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:20
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:19

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