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Entanglement generation and self-correcting quantum memories

Röthlisberger, Beat. Entanglement generation and self-correcting quantum memories. 2012, PhD Thesis, University of Basel, Faculty of Science.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/diss/DissB_10177

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Abstract

Building a working quantum computer that is able to perform useful calculations remains a challenge. With this thesis, we are trying to contribute a small piece to this puzzle by addressing three of the many fundamental questions one encounters along the way of reaching that goal. These questions are: (i) What is an easy way to create highly entangled states as a resource for quantum computation? (ii) What can we do to efficiently quantify states of noisy entanglement in systems coupled to the outside world? (iii) How can we protect and store fragile quantum states for arbitrary long times?
The first two questions are the subject of part one of this thesis, `Entanglement Measures & Highly Entangled States'. We devise a particular proposal for generating entanglement within a solid-state setup, starting first with the tripartite case and continuing with a generalization to four and more qubits. The main idea there is to realize systems with highly entangled ground states in order for entanglement to be created by merely cooling to low enough temperatures. We have addressed the issue of quantifying entanglement in these systems by numerically calculating mixed-state entanglement measures and maximizing the latter as a function of the external magnetic field strength. The research along these lines has led to the development of the numerical library 'libCreme'.
The second part of the thesis, 'Self-Correcting Quantum Memories', addresses the question how to reliably store quantum states long enough to perform useful calculations. Every computer, be it classical or quantum, needs the information it processes to be protected from corruption caused by faulty gates and perturbations from interactions with its environment. However, quantum states are much more susceptible to these adverse effects than classical states, making the manipulation and storage of quantum information a challenging task. Promising candidates for such 'quantum memories' are systems exhibiting topological order, because they are robust against local perturbations, and information encoded in their ground state can only be manipulated in a non-local fashion. We extend the so-called toric code by repulsive long-range interactions between anyons and show that this makes the code stable against thermal fluctuations. Furthermore, we investigate incoherent effects of quenched disorder in the toric code and similar systems.
Advisors:Loss, Daniel
Committee Members:Pachos, Jiannis
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Theoretische Physik Mesoscopics (Loss)
Item Type:Thesis
Thesis no:10177
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Number of Pages:145 S.
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:30 Jun 2016 10:51
Deposited On:26 Nov 2012 15:35

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