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Relationship of physical activity with motor skills, aerobic fitness and body fat in preschool children: : a cross-sectional and longitudinal study (Ballabeina)

Bürgi, F. and Meyer, U. and Granacher, U. and Schindler, C. and Marques-Vidal, P. and Kriemler, S. and Puder, J. J.. (2011) Relationship of physical activity with motor skills, aerobic fitness and body fat in preschool children: : a cross-sectional and longitudinal study (Ballabeina). International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders, Vol. 35, H. 7. S. 937-944.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6002326

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Abstract

Background: Adiposity, low aerobic fitness and low levels of activity are all associated with clustered cardiovascular disease risk in children and their high prevalence represents a major public health concern.Objective:The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship of objectively measured physical activity (PA) with motor skills (agility and balance), aerobic fitness and %body fat in young children.Design:This study is a cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses using mixed linear models. Longitudinal data were adjusted for baseline outcome parameters. Subjects: In all, 217 healthy preschool children (age 4-6 years, 48% boys) participated in this study. Measurements: PA (accelerometers), agility (obstacle course), dynamic balance (balance beam), aerobic fitness (20-m shuttle run) and %body fat (bioelectric impedance) at baseline and 9 months later.Results:PA was positively associated with both motor skills and aerobic fitness at baseline as well as with their longitudinal changes. Specifically, only vigorous, but not total or moderate PA, was related to changes in aerobic fitness. Higher PA was associated with less %body fat at baseline, but not with its change. Conversely, baseline motor skills, aerobic fitness or %body fat were not related to changes in PA.Conclusion:In young children, baseline PA was associated with improvements in motor skills and in aerobic fitness, an important determinant of cardiovascular risk. International Journal of Obesity advance online publication, 29 March 2011
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Biostatistics > Biostatistics - Frequency Modelling (Schindler)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Former Units within Swiss TPH > Physical Activity and Health (Kriemler)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Endokrinologie / Diabetologie
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Endokrinologie / Diabetologie
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Public Health > Sozial- und Präventivmedizin
UniBasel Contributors:Schindler, Christian and Kriemler, Susi and Puder, Jardena
Item Type:Article, refereed
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Macmillan
ISSN:0307-0565
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:07 Dec 2012 13:01
Deposited On:08 Nov 2012 16:17

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