edoc

Independent contribution of parental migrant status and educational level to adiposity and eating habits in preschool children

Ebenegger, V. and Marques-Vidal P. M., and Nydegger, A. and Laimbacher, J. and Niederer, I. and Burgi, F. and Giusti, V. and Bodenmann, P. and Kriemler, S. and Puder, J. J.. (2011) Independent contribution of parental migrant status and educational level to adiposity and eating habits in preschool children. European journal of clinical nutrition : EJCN, Vol. 65, H. 2. S. 210-218.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6002250

Downloads: Statistics Overview

Abstract

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the precise role of parental migrant status (MS) and educational level (EL) on adiposity and various eating habits in young children. Therefore, we assessed their independent contribution in preschoolers. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Of 655 randomly selected preschoolers, 542 (5.1±0.6 years; 71% of parental MS and 37% of low parental EL) were analysed. Body composition was measured by bioelectrical impedance. Eating habits were assessed using a semiqualitative food frequency questionnaire and analysed according to five messages developed by the Swiss Society for Nutrition, based on factors implicated in childhood obesity: (1) 'Drinking water and decreasing sweetened drinks', (2) 'Eating fruit and vegetables', (3) 'Decreasing breakfast skipping', (4) 'Reducing fatty and sweet foods' and (5) 'Reducing the intake of meals and snacks in front of television'. RESULTS: Children of migrant and low EL parents had higher body fat, ate more meals and snacks while watching television and had more fruit and fatty foods compared with their respective counterparts (all P≤ 0.04). Children of low EL parents also consumed less water and vegetables compared with their counterparts (all P≤ 0.04). In most instances, we found an independent contribution of parental MS and EL to adiposity and eating habits. A more pronounced effect was found if both parents were migrants or of low EL. Differences in adiposity and eating habits were relatively similar to the joint parental data when assessed individually for maternal and paternal MS and EL. CONCLUSIONS: Parental MS and EL are independently related to adiposity and various eating habits in preschoolers.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Former Units within Swiss TPH > Physical Activity and Health (Kriemler)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Endokrinologie / Diabetologie
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Endokrinologie / Diabetologie
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Public Health > Sozial- und Präventivmedizin
UniBasel Contributors:Kriemler, Susi and Puder, Jardena
Item Type:Article, refereed
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0954-3007
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Related URLs:
Identification Number:
Last Modified:08 Nov 2012 16:22
Deposited On:08 Nov 2012 16:12

Repository Staff Only: item control page