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Expression and localization of Ski determine cell type-specific TGFbeta signaling effects on the cell cycle

Jacob, C. and Grabner, H. and Atanasoski, S. and Suter, U.. (2008) Expression and localization of Ski determine cell type-specific TGFbeta signaling effects on the cell cycle. Journal of cell biology, Vol. 182. S. 519-530.

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Abstract

Transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) promotes epithelial cell differentiation but induces Schwann cell proliferation. We show that the protooncogene Ski (Sloan-Kettering viral oncogene homologue) is an important regulator of these effects. TGFbeta down-regulates Ski in epithelial cells but not in Schwann cells. In Schwann cells but not in epithelial cells, retinoblastoma protein (Rb) is up-regulated by TGFbeta. Additionally, both Ski and Rb move to the cytoplasm, where they partially colocalize. In vivo, Ski and phospho-Rb (pRb) appear to interact in the Schwann cell cytoplasm of developing sciatic nerves. Ski overexpression induces Rb hyperphosphorylation, proliferation, and colocalization of both proteins in Schwann cell and epithelial cell cytoplasms independently of TGFbeta treatment. Conversely, Ski knockdown in Schwann cells blocks TGFbeta-induced proliferation and pRb cytoplasmic relocalization. Our findings reveal a critical function of fine-tuned Ski levels in the control of TGFbeta effects on the cell cycle and suggest that at least a part of Ski regulatory effects on TGFbeta-induced proliferation of Schwann cells is caused by its concerted action with Rb.
UniBasel Contributors:Atanasoski, Suzana
Item Type:Article, refereed
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Rockefeller University Press
ISSN:0021-9525
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Last Modified:31 Dec 2015 10:50
Deposited On:11 Oct 2012 15:29

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