Human landing catches provide a useful measure of protective efficacy for the evaluation of volatile pyrethroid spatial repellents

Tambwe, M. M. and Kibondo, U. A. and Odufuwa, O. G. and Moore, J. and Mpelepele, A. and Mashauri, R. and Saddler, A. and Moore, S. J.. (2023) Human landing catches provide a useful measure of protective efficacy for the evaluation of volatile pyrethroid spatial repellents. Parasit Vectors, 16. p. 90.

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BACKGROUND: The human landing catch (HLC) method, in which human volunteers collect mosquitoes that land on them before they can bite, is used to quantify human exposure to mosquito vectors of disease. Comparing HLCs in the presence and absence of interventions such as repellents is often used to measure protective efficacy (PE). Some repellents have multiple actions, including feeding inhibition, whereby mosquitoes may be unable to bite even if they land on a host. A comparison was made between the PE of the volatile pyrethroid spatial repellent (VPSR) transfluthrin determined using a landing method (HLC) and a biting method (allowing the mosquitoes that landed to blood-feed) to evaluate whether HLC is a suitable method for the estimation of the personal PE of a VPSR. METHODS: A fully balanced, two-arm crossover design study was conducted using a 6 x 6 x 2-m netted cage within a semi-field system. Hessian strips (4 m x 0.1 m) treated with a 5-, 10-, 15-, or 20-g dose of transfluthrin were evaluated against a paired negative control for three strains of laboratory-reared Anopheles and Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. Six replicates were performed per dose using either the landing or the biting method. The number of recaptured mosquitoes was analysed by negative binomial regression, and the PEs calculated using the two methods were compared by Bland-Altman plots. RESULTS: For Anopheles, fewer mosquitoes blood-fed in the biting arm than landed in the landing arm (incidence rate ratio = 0.87, 95% confidence interval 0.81-0.93, P < 0.001). For Ae. aegypti, biting was overestimated by around 37% with the landing method (incidence rate ratio = 0.63, 95% confidence interval 0.57-0.70, P = 0.001). However, the PEs calculated for each method were in close agreement when tested by the Bland Altman plot. CONCLUSIONS: The HLC method led to underestimation of mosquito feeding inhibition as a mode of action of transfluthrin, and there were species- and dose-dependent differences in the relationship between landing and biting. However, the estimated PEs were similar between the two methods. The results of this study indicate that HLC can be used as a proxy for personal PE for the evaluation of a VPSR, especially when the difficulties associated with enumerating blood-fed mosquitoes in a field setting are taken into consideration.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Vector Biology > New Vector Control Interventions (Moore)
UniBasel Contributors:Tambwe, Mgeni Mohamed and Odufuwa, Olukayode and Moore, Jason and Moore, Sarah Jane
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
ISSN:1756-3305 (Electronic)1756-3305 (Linking)
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:09 May 2023 07:33
Deposited On:09 May 2023 07:33

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