Ligand Migration between Internal Docking Sites in Photodissociated Carbonmonoxy Neuroglobin

Lutz, Stephan and Nienhaus, Karin and Nienhaus, G. Ulrich and Meuwly, Markus. (2009) Ligand Migration between Internal Docking Sites in Photodissociated Carbonmonoxy Neuroglobin. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 113 (46). pp. 15334-15343.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/94319/

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Neuroglobin (Ngb) belongs to the large family of globular heme proteins capable of binding small gaseous ligands such as O(2), CO, or NO within their active site. In this work, we have analyzed CO migration pathways in photolyzed NgbCO using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations in combination with Fourier transform infrared temperature derivative spectroscopy (FTIR-TDS). A total of 55 ns of MD simulation was analyzed to explore the approximately 300 A(3) internal Ngb cavity. Overall, the simulations differentiated between eight possible docking sites, three of which were also identified experimentally. Low-temperature FTIR-TDS experiments on wild-type (wt) and F28W mutant NgbCO revealed that a small fraction of ligands migrates from site B to site C from which they rebound after slow cool illumination. For the F28L mutant, however, population of site C was not observed. In agreement with these findings, the simulations at 20 K showed ligand transfer between sites B and C for wt Ngb, but not for the F28L mutant. The ligand migration network could be mapped out and two key gate residues, Phe28 and Pro52, were identified. Ligand population analysis from the MD simulations revealed a direct relation between the size of the B10 side chain (Phe28 in wild-type Ngb) and the barrier against migration. Barriers for the transition of photodissociated CO from the distal pocket to the Xe4 site in Ngb are lower by up to 4 kcal/mol compared to myoglobin, suggesting that ligand migration between different docking sites is more facile in Ngb than in myoglobin.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Physikalische Chemie (Meuwly)
UniBasel Contributors:Meuwly, Markus
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Chemical Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:19 Apr 2023 06:24
Deposited On:19 Apr 2023 06:24

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