PhysNet: A Neural Network for Predicting Energies, Forces, Dipole Moments, and Partial Charges

Unke, Oliver T. and Meuwly, Markus. (2019) PhysNet: A Neural Network for Predicting Energies, Forces, Dipole Moments, and Partial Charges. Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation, 15 (6). pp. 3678-3693.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/94199/

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In recent years, machine learning (ML) methods have become increasingly popular in computational chemistry. After being trained on appropriate ab initio reference data, these methods allow for accurately predicting the properties of chemical systems, circumventing the need for explicitly solving the electronic Schrödinger equation. Because of their computational efficiency and scalability to large data sets, deep neural networks (DNNs) are a particularly promising ML algorithm for chemical applications. This work introduces PhysNet, a DNN architecture designed for predicting energies, forces, and dipole moments of chemical systems. PhysNet achieves state-of-the-art performance on the QM9, MD17, and ISO17 benchmarks. Further, two new data sets are generated in order to probe the performance of ML models for describing chemical reactions, long-range interactions, and condensed phase systems. It is shown that explicitly including electrostatics in energy predictions is crucial for a qualitatively correct description of the asymptotic regions of a potential energy surface (PES). PhysNet models trained on a systematically constructed set of small peptide fragments (at most eight heavy atoms) are able to generalize to considerably larger proteins like deca-alanine (Ala 10 ): The optimized geometry of helical Ala 10 predicted by PhysNet is virtually identical to ab initio results (RMSD = 0.21 Å). By running unbiased molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of Ala 10 on the PhysNet-PES in gas phase, it is found that instead of a helical structure, Ala 10 folds into a "wreath-shaped" configuration, which is more stable than the helical form by 0.46 kcal mol -1 according to the reference ab initio calculations.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Physikalische Chemie (Meuwly)
UniBasel Contributors:Meuwly, Markus
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Chemical Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:03 Apr 2023 08:46
Deposited On:03 Apr 2023 08:46

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