Three-dimensional structure by cryo-electron microscopy of YvcC, an homodimeric ATP-binding cassette transporter from Bacillus subtilis

Chami, Mohamed and Steinfels, Emmanuelle and Orelle, Cédric and Jault, Jean-Michel and Di Pietro, Attilio and Rigaud, Jean-Louis and Marco, Sergio. (2002) Three-dimensional structure by cryo-electron microscopy of YvcC, an homodimeric ATP-binding cassette transporter from Bacillus subtilis. Journal of Molecular Biology, 315 (5). pp. 1075-1085.

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YvcC, a multidrug transporter from Bacillus subtilis, is a member of the ATP-binding cassette superfamily, highly homologous to each half of human multidrug-resistance P-glycoprotein and to several other bacterial half-ABC transporters. Here, the purified recombinant histidine-tagged YvcC has been reconstituted into a lipid bilayer. Controlled and partial detergent removal from YvcC-lipid micelles allowed the production of particularly interesting lipid-detergent-YvcC ring-shaped particles, about 40 nm in diameter, well suited for single particle analysis by cryo-electron microscopy. Furthermore, binding of these histidine-tagged ring-shaped particles to lipid layers functionalized with a Ni(2+)-chelating head group generated a preferential perpendicular orientation, eliminating the missing cone in the final three-dimensional reconstruction. From such analysis, a computed volume has been determined to 2.5 nm resolution giving a detailed insight into the structural organization of this half-ABC transporter within a membrane. The repetitive unit in the ring-shaped particles is consistent with a homodimeric organization of YvcC. Each subunit was composed of three domains: a 5 nm height transmembrane region, a stalk of about 4 nm in height and 2 nm in diameter, and a cytoplasmic lobe of about 5-6 nm in diameter. The latest domain, which fitted with the reported X-ray structure of HisP, was identified as the nucleotide-binding domain (NBD). The 3D reconstruction of the YvcC homodimer well compared with the very recent X-ray crystallographic data on the MsbA homodimer from Escherichia coli, supporting the existence of a central open chamber between the two subunits constituting the homodimer. In addition, the 3D reconstruction of YvcC embedded in a membrane revealed an asymmetric organization of the two NBDs sites within the homodimer, as well as a dimeric interaction between two homodimers.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Structural Biology (Engel)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Services Biozentrum > BioEM Lab (Chami)
UniBasel Contributors:Chami, Mohamed
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:21 Feb 2023 14:47
Deposited On:21 Feb 2023 14:46

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