Magnetorotational supernovae: a nucleosynthetic analysis of sophisticated 3D models

Reichert, M. and Obergaulinger, M. and Aloy, M. Á. and Gabler, M. and Arcones, A. and Thielemann, F. -K.. (2022) Magnetorotational supernovae: a nucleosynthetic analysis of sophisticated 3D models. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 518 (1). pp. 1557-1583.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/92925/

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Magnetorotational supernovae are a rare type of core-collapse supernovae where the magnetic field and rotation play a central role in the dynamics of the explosion. We present the post-processed nucleosynthesis of state-of-the-art neutrino-MHD supernova models that follow the post explosion evolution for few seconds. We find three different dynamical mechanisms to produce heavy r-process elements: (i) a prompt ejection of matter right after core bounce, (ii) neutron-rich matter that is ejected at late times due to a reconfiguration of the protoneutronstar shape, (iii) small amount of mass ejected with high entropies in the centre of the jet. We investigate total ejecta yields, including the ones of unstable nuclei such as 26Al, 44Ti, 56Ni, and 60Fe. The obtained 56Ni masses vary between 0.01−1M⊙⁠. The latter maximum is compatible with hypernova observations. Furthermore, all of our models synthesize Zn masses in agreement with observations of old metal-poor stars. We calculate simplified light curves to investigate whether our models can be candidates for superluminous supernovae. The peak luminosities obtained from taking into account only nuclear heating reach up to a few ∼1043ergs−1⁠. Under certain conditions, we find a significant impact of the 66Ni decay chain that can raise the peak luminosity up to ∼38 percent compared to models including only the 56Ni decay chain. This work reinforces the theoretical evidence on the critical role of magnetorotational supernovae to understand the occurrence of hypernovae, superluminous supernovae, and the synthesis of heavy elements.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Former Organization Units Physics > Theoretische Physik Astrophysik (Thielemann)
UniBasel Contributors:Thielemann, Friedrich-Karl
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Oxford University Press
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:09 Feb 2023 13:34
Deposited On:09 Feb 2023 13:34

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