Regulation of Vg1 biogenesis during mesendoderm induction

Dingal, P. C. Dave P. and Carte, Adam N. and Montague, Tessa C. and Schier, Alexander F.. (2021) Regulation of Vg1 biogenesis during mesendoderm induction.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/92924/

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The TGF-beta signals Vg1 and Nodal form heterodimers to induce the vertebrate mesendoderm. The Vg1 proprotein is a monomer retained in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and is processed and secreted upon heterodimerization with Nodal. Here we investigate the mechanisms underlying Vg1 retention, processing, secretion and signaling in zebrafish. First, using a newly devised Synthetic Processing (SynPro) system, we find that Vg1 can be processed by intra- or extracellular proteases. Second, Vg1 can be processed without Nodal but requires Nodal for secretion and signaling. Third, Vg1-Nodal signaling activity requires Vg1 processing, whereas Nodal can remain unprocessed. Fourth, Vg1 employs exposed cysteines, glycosylated asparagines, and BiP chaperone-binding motifs for monomer retention in the ER. Our results establish SynPro as a new in vivo processing system and define molecular mechanisms and motifs that facilitate the generation of active Vg1-Nodal heterodimers. These observations suggest two strategies for rapid mesendoderm induction: chaperone-binding motifs help store Vg1 as an inactive but ready-to-heterodimerize monomer in the ER, and the flexibility of Vg1 processing location allows efficient generation of active heterodimers both intra- and extracellularly.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Growth & Development > Cell and Developmental Biology (Schier)
UniBasel Contributors:Schier, Alexander F
Item Type:Preprint
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Discussion paper / Internet publication
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Last Modified:24 Jan 2023 12:25
Deposited On:24 Jan 2023 12:19

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