Nonacethrene Unchained: A Cascade to Chiral Contorted Conjugated Hydrocarbon with Two sp³-Defects

Čavlović, Daniel and Häussinger, Daniel and Blacque, Olivier and Ravat, Prince and Juríček, Michal. (2022) Nonacethrene Unchained: A Cascade to Chiral Contorted Conjugated Hydrocarbon with Two sp³-Defects. JACS Au, 2 (7). pp. 1616-1626.

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We demonstrate that structurally complex carbon nanostructures can be achieved via a synthetic approach that capitalizes on a π-radical reaction cascade. The cascade is triggered by oxidation of a dihydro precursor of helical diradicaloid nonacethrene to give a chiral contorted polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon named hypercethrene. In this ten-electron oxidation process, four σ-bonds, one π-bond, and three six-membered rings are formed in a sequence of up to nine steps to yield a 72-carbon-atom warped framework, comprising two configurationally locked [7]helicene units, a fluorescent peropyrene unit, and two precisely installed sp; 3; -defects. The key intermediate in this cascade is a closed nonacethrene derivative with one quaternary sp; 3; -center, presumably formed via an electrocyclic ring closure of nonacethrene, which, when activated by oxidation, undergoes a reaction cascade analogous to the oxidative dimerization of phenalenyl to peropyrene. By controlling the amount of oxidant used, two intermediates and one side product could be isolated and fully characterized, including single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, and two intermediates were detected by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. In concert with density functional theory calculations, these intermediates support the proposed reaction mechanism. Compared to peropyrene, the absorption and emission of hypercethrene are slightly red-shifted on account of extended π-conjugation and the fluorescence quantum yield of 0.45 is decreased by a factor of ∼2. Enantiomerically enriched hypercethrene displays circularly polarized luminescence with a brightness value of 8.3 M; -1; cm; -1; . Our results show that reactions of graphene-based π-radicals-typically considered an "undefined decomposition" of non-zero-spin materials-can be well-defined and selective, and have potential to be transformed into a step-economic synthetic method toward complex carbon nanostructures.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (Häussinger)
UniBasel Contributors:Häussinger, Daniel
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Chemical Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:19 Jan 2023 08:23
Deposited On:19 Jan 2023 08:23

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