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Shot noise and spin-orbit coherent control of entangled and spin-polarized electrons

Egues, J. C. and Burkard, G. and Saraga, D. S. and Schliemann, J. and Loss, D.. (2005) Shot noise and spin-orbit coherent control of entangled and spin-polarized electrons. Physical Review B, Vol. 72, H. 23 , 235326, 27 S..

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5254648

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Abstract

We extend our previous work on shot noise for entangled and spin polarized electrons in a beam-splitter geometry with spin-orbit (SO) interaction in one of the incoming leads (lead 1). In addition to accounting for both the Dresselhaus and the Rashba spin-orbit terms, we present general formulas for the shot noise of singlet and triplets states derived within the scattering approach. We determine the full scattering matrix of the system for the case of leads with two orbital channels coupled via weak SO interactions inducing channel anticrossings. We show that this interband coupling coherently transfers electrons between the channels and gives rise to an additional modulation angle-dependent on both the Rashba and Dresselhaus interaction strengths-which allows for further independent coherent control of the electrons traversing the incoming leads. We derive explicit shot noise formulas for a variety of correlated pairs (e.g., Bell states) and lead spin polarizations. Interestingly, the singlet and each of the triplets defined along the quantization axis perpendicular to lead 1 (with the local SO interaction) and in the plane of the beam splitter display distinctive shot noise for injection energies near the channel anticrossings; hence, one can tell apart all the triplets, in addition to the singlet, through noise measurements. We also find that spin-orbit induced backscattering within lead 1 reduces the visibility of the noise oscillations, due to the additional partition noise in this lead. Finally, we consider injection of two-particle wavepackets into leads with multiple discrete states and find that two-particle entanglement can still be observed via noise bunching and antibunching.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Theoretische Physik Mesoscopics (Loss)
UniBasel Contributors:Loss, Daniel
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Institute of Physics
ISSN:0163-1829
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:25
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:48

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